16-year-old ‘over-quota’ girl drinks pesticide after Chinese gov. denies college entrance: report

LUZHOU, Sichuan, China, July 26, 2013 ( - A 16-year-old Chinese girl is in critical condition after drinking pesticide, reported Chinese media this week. Cai Yanqiong, an “over-quota” daughter, had just learned that her lack of government registration barred her from taking China’s college entrance exam. 

Ms. Cai, who has one older brother, was reportedly raised by a single father who came under the jurisdiction of the One-Child Policy. According to the human rights group All Girls Allowed, in Sichuan, fines for violating the policy range from $4,200 to $31,400 while the average annual urban income is only $2,919. Because her father could not afford the fine, Ms. Cai never received a hukou, the government registration needed for access to medical care, public transportation and education.

Ms. Cai began attending school in a different village in first grade. But without a hukou, she could not even receive school lunches. Officials in Chishui, her hometown, denied her and her father’s repeated requests for the fines to be waived. 

Yet Ms. Cai reportedly remained passionate about learning. According to local reports, her teachers described her as a hardworking student, saying, “In order to learn English, Ms. Cai got up at 5 a.m. to read English every day for quite some time. She just completed final exams, and she ranked second in her class.” 

Before swallowing pesticide on the evening of June 28, Ms. Cai made up her own government identification number using her birth date and wrote it on the inside of her notebook. She also wrote a note that read, “Dear brother, Dad, Mom, Grandma and Grandpa…I’m so sorry to all of you. I have a lot to say to you all at this moment, but time won’t wait for me. I’m standing at the track of my memory, seeing my memories as pictures passing in front of me.” 

When her family realized Ms. Cai had swallowed poison, they immediately brought her to the hospital. But the pesticide, paraquat, causes untreatable respiratory failure and death in 90% of people who consume it. The hospital could only send the family home to wait. 

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Ms. Cai is just one of 500 Chinese women who commit suicide every day, on average. China is the only country in the world (except the small island nation Sao Tome and Principe) in which more women than men take their own lives. 

"Ms. Cai’s tragic actions could have been avoided if the Chinese government had treated her with the basic respect and dignity she deserved," said Brian Lee, Executive Director of All Girls Allowed. “ The One-Child Policy’s cruelty is relentless:  when parents choose life for their over-quota children, the Chinese government punishes them again and again. We applaud Ms. Cai’s father for choosing life for her, and we pray that God would miraculously heal her and lift her head high. We call on the Chinese government to grant hukous to all over-quota children, welcoming them with the acceptance and love of Jesus.”

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