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WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 29: Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) Drew Angerer/Getty Images

(LifeSiteNews) – The U.S. Senate passed Democrats’ bill to codify same-sex “marriage” in a 61-36 vote on Tuesday, dealing a major blow to conservatives and putting the legislation one step closer to becoming law.

Twelve Republicans joined all Democrats to give final approval to the “Respect for Marriage Act” (RMA), even after the Senate rejected three amendments proposed by Republican senators to blunt the bill’s serious harm to religious liberty.

The RMA makes the redefinition of marriage the law of the land, including in the event that the Supreme Court overturns its 2015 Obergefell v. Hodges decision that mandates legal recognition of same-sex “marriage” nationwide.

The bill repeals the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996, which federally recognized marriage as between one man and one woman and guaranteed the right of states to uphold traditional marriage, and instead requires the federal government and all 50 states to recognize homosexual “marriages” and other civil marriages lawfully performed in any state, potentially including incestuous and underage marriages.

It also poses grave threats to religious freedom, as numerous social conservative and religious liberty organizations have warned.

The 12 Republican senators who voted for the bill include: Sens. Susan Collins of Maine, Rob Portman of Ohio, Thom Tillis of North Carolina, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Mitt Romney of Utah, Roy Blunt of Missouri, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia, Joni Ernst of Iowa, Cynthia Lummis of Wyoming, Dan Sullivan of Alaska, and Todd Young of Indiana.

Those same Republicans voted to advance the RMA earlier this month.

GOP Sens. Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania and Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Democratic Sen. Raphael Warnock of Georgia, who is campaigning ahead of Georgia’s run-off election next week, did not vote.

Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell voted against the bill but refused to stake out a public position before the vote. Sen. John Thune of South Dakota, the GOP senator responsible for enforcing party discipline, also voted against the RMA, though he did not urge fellow Republicans to oppose it.

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The bill’s passage came despite the opposition of many of the most prominent conservative groups in the United States, including the Heritage Foundation and Alliance Defending Freedom, thousands of Christian churches and institutions, and the overwhelming majority of Republican voters who oppose federal legislation to codify homosexual “marriage.”

Conservative and religious leaders pointed out that the RMA applies to everyone “acting under color of law” – a phrase that has been interpreted to refer to state-funded services like adoption centers – and contains a “private right of action” clause that allows anyone “harmed by a violation” to bring civil action “for declaratory and injunctive relief.”

The Department of Justice and state attorneys general would also be able to bring civil action against alleged violators.

Supporters of the RMA agreed to an amendment purportedly to address religious freedom concerns, but the amendment has faced blistering criticism from religious liberty advocates for failing to include meaningful protections. 

“This dangerously cynical and completely unnecessary bill is a direct attack on the First Amendment,” said Alliance Defending Freedom Senior Vice President of Strategic Initiatives Ryan Bangert on Tuesday. He added that the RMA “exposes Americans throughout the country to predatory lawsuits by activists seeking to use the threat of litigation to silence debate and exclude people of faith from the public square.”

“Today, the Senate has chosen to disregard legitimate concerns about the undeniable harms of this bill,” he continued.

Bangert noted that Republican Sens. Mike Lee of Utah, Marco Rubio of Florida, and James Lankford of Oklahoma offered comprehensive amendments to shield individuals and institutions from retaliation for supporting traditional marriage. But the Senate rejected Lee’s amendment in a 48-49 vote, and Rubio and Lankford’s amendments also failed in votes of 45-52.

Sen. Collins was only Republican who voted against the Lee Amendment. All Senate Democrats other than Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia opposed the amendment.

‘Respect for Marriage Act’ expected to pass the House

The RMA already passed the House in July with an unexpected 47 Republican votes and the blessing of Republican House leaders, including House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy. House Republican Whip Rep. Tom Emmer of Minnesota and House Republican Conference Chairwoman Rep. Elise Stefanik of New York voted for it.

The bill has to pass the House again before going to Joe Biden’s desk for signature. A final vote in the lower chamber could come as early as next Tuesday.

The White House has strongly endorsed the “Respect for Marriage Act,” which would be Biden’s first major legislative victory on LGBT issues.

“I look forward to the House passing this legislation and sending it to my desk, where I will proudly sign it into law,” he said Tuesday night after the bill passed the Senate.

Polling has consistently shown broad disapproval of the RMA among Republican voters, however.

A recent Heritage Foundation survey of likely voters in Indiana, Iowa, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming found that 70 percent of GOP voters in the five states opposed the bill. Among all voters, 47 percent opposed it, and just 41 percent supported it.

A previous Economist/YouGov poll found that nearly 60 percent of Republican voters did not support the legislation, compared to 30 percent that did.

RELATED: Mother Miriam slams Republicans supporting homosexual ‘marriage’: ‘You have betrayed your people’

Catholic leaders, top conservatives lament RMA’s passage

Faithful Catholic leaders and prominent conservatives blasted the RMA on Tuesday.

“Sadly our legislators aren’t willing to open their hearts & minds to the Truth that God has revealed to us,” said Bishop Joseph Strickland of the Diocese of Tyler, Texas. “Their vote will not change the Truth but it will further damage our nation. ‘One nation under God’ is becoming a fractured nation without God. A dangerous place to be!”

“Severely disappointing vote out of the Senate today,” tweeted Heritage Foundation President Kevin Roberts. “@Heritage will continue the fight for every Americans’ religious liberty as the so-called ‘Respect for Marriage Act’ heads back to the House.”

Conservative Republican congressman Rep. Chip Roy of Texas urged voters to “remember the 12 @SenateGOP Republicans who were fine empowering the woke mob to go after you.”